What is gingivitis?
Gingivitis is an inflammation which results in gums becoming red and swollen. Bleeding gums during brushing is often the first symptom of this inflammation. If gingivitis is left untreated, it can evolve and cause pain. The major cause of gingivitis is the build-up of plaque on the gum line. Plaque contains bacteria which attack the gum and cause inflammation.
To prevent gingivitis it’s important to stick to a daily oral care routine of regular brushing, flossing and rinsing.
There are three different stages of gingivitis, each one presenting different symptoms:
Stage 1: Initial lesion
The gingivitis is mild. Brushing the teeth causes light bleeding. The redness of the gums is barely noticeable.
Stage 2: Early lesion
The gingivitis is moderate. Bleeding caused by brushing is more significant, the gums are red and the first swelling appears.
Stage 3: Established lesion
The gingivitis is severe. Bleeding happens spontaneously. With the gum no longer adhering to the tooth surface, the gingival sulcus (the space between the gum and the tooth) widens.
Gingivitis is reversible. With the principal cause of gingivitis being the presence of plaque, a visit to the dentist and good oral hygiene will help clear up the problem.