Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums which results in gum becoming red and swollen. This condition can affect people of any age
Gum disease causes
The main cause of gum disease is the long-term deposit of dental plaque, so a good oral care routine of brushing, flossing and rinsing with antibacterial mouthwash that slows the development of plaque is able to help prevent gum disease.
Tartar can also contribute to the inflammation or infection of the gums. Visiting the dentist twice a year for tartar removal is a good practice to adopt to prevent the build-up of tartar.
Other factors that cause gum inflammation:
- Hormonal changes during pregnancy (pregnancy gum disease), menopause or taking oral contraceptive
- The effects of existing medical condition and associated medications
- A dental crown or poorly completed dental filling
- Overlapping teeth make the removal of dental plaque more difficult with brushing